The ethanol free extract exhibit lesser effect compared to the. It is available as a pdf document to download from the internet. Ficus is a large genus of about 800 tree and shrub species native to the tropics and subtropics that are often cultivated beyond their native range for their fig fruits or as ornamentals. The utility of this transamination step is subsequently demonstrated via the chemo. Expected heterozygosity h e and number of alleles per locus na exhibited minimal variation in the seven sites 0.
Mar 11, 2017 female ficus septica figs ripen one at a time to attract traplining civets and bats so that they will return to the same tree every night in a daily nightly routine and eat and disperse the fig before seed predators destroy the seeds. Acute and chronic toxicity studies of lagnob ficus septica. Ficus septica trees live up to 1800m in montane forests or secondary growth environments. This study aims to examine the potential effect of the combination of curcuma ethanolic extracts cee and awarawar leaves ethanolic extract aee to increase the efficacy of cisplatin toward t47d breast cancer cells. Diversification and spatial structuring in the mutualism between ficus septica and its. Members of this genus are difficult to distinguish by their flowers, but can be differentiated by habit, whether they are banyans or not, by leaf shape.
Phylogenetic analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences with known monoterpene synthase resolved isps from f. It lives on the edge of the vegetation, often in degraded environments. Classification, description and uses genus ficus ficus l. Combinational effects of hexane insoluble fraction of ficus septica burm. Aminocaprophenone and pyrrolidinetype alkaloids from the.
In addition to six known phenanthroindolizidine alkaloids, eight new alkaloids, namely, ficuseptines b. One of the potential medicinal plants is ficus septica burm. Cytotoxicity of some of these alkaloids was assessed in vitro using the hone1 and nugc cell lines. Daily rhythm of mutualistic pollinator activity and scent. Antifungal activity of the leaf extract of ficus septica burm. In ficus in general, and in ficus septica in particular, flowering is relatively synchronous within a given tree but asynchronous among trees resulting at the population level in the production of receptive figs and adult wasps throughout the year. In line with this, screening of indonesian medicinal plants have been widely done. In our recent study, we reported that these changes in basal emission of isoprene in leaves of f.
Isoprene emission from plants is very sensitive to environmental temperature both at short. Evaluation of in vitro immunomodulatory effect of fractions. Isoprene emission from plants is very sensitive to environmental temperature both at shortterm and longterm scales. Its glossy leaves grow in a variety of colors and patterns.
Jun 17, 2015 three isoprene synthase isps cdna clones have been isolated from tropical trees ficus septica, f. Antofine 2 accounted for the antifungal activity against aspergillus fumigatus and. Septica normally has green hairless fruit forming at the tips of its branches, yet hispida forms strong cauliflorous branches and is commonly known as the. In vitro study of the combination of doxorubicin, curcuma. Batang pokok bengkok bengkok, lunak, ranting bulat silindris, berongga, gundul, bergetah bening. More information can be found in the communication by i. One in the rain forest as a sucker of a tall growing tree and the other, well it was a strange plant. Budding different varieties of edible figs ficus carica to wild figs ficus septica, ficus ulmifolia, ficus nota, ficus pseudopalma. Ficus septica is a small, arboreous, and evergreen plant belonging to the family moraceae that is distributed widely throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the western pacific area. Uji toksisitas ekstrak daun awarawar ficus septic a. Cytotoxic effect of alkaloid fractions from ethanolic extract of ficus septica burm. Evaluation of antiangiogenic property and toxicity of ficus septica burm f. Department of agriculture agricultural research service.
Combinational effects of hexane insoluble fraction of ficus septica. Closely related to the common fig tree, this nonnative tree gained popularity because of its multiseason interest as an evergreen tree with versatile uses. Antifungal activity of leaf extract of ficus septica. Leaves are smooth and shining, not all roughened, oblongovate to ellipticovate, 10 to 20 centimeters long, with tip tapering to a rather sharp point, and the base pointed. Pdf ficus septica plant extracts for treating dengue virus in vitro. A benzopyrroloisoquinoline alkaloid from ficus fistulosa. Pdf combinational effects of hexane insoluble fraction. Morphology the genus ficus falling within evergreen, semievergreen and deciduous species, which occupy almost any possible plant form, such as trees of large, medium and low growth, as well as shrubs, vines and climbers. Ficus septica plant extracts for treating dengue virus in vitro ncbi.
Combination of curcuma curcuma xanthorriza roxb rhizome. Diversification and spatial structuring in the mutualism. Fifteen levels of extract concentrations, ranged from 0. Ishmael mutanda, seikoh saitoh, masashi inafuku, hiroaki aoyama, tomonori takamine, kazuhito satou, masako akutsu, kuniko teruya, hinako tamotsu, makiko shimoji, haruki sunagawa, hirosuke oku, gene expression analysis of disabled and reinduced isoprene emission by the tropical tree ficus septica before and after cold ambient temperature exposure, tree physiology, volume 36, issue. An ficus septica in nahilalakip ha genus nga ficus, ngan familia nga moraceae. Daun penumpu tunggal, besar, sangat runcing, daun tunggal, bertangkai, duduk. Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semiwarm temperate zone. A perspective on the contributions of apoptosis dan necrosis, am j physiol renal physiol, 284, f608f627. Ficus septica called hauli tree in the philippines, in china and taiwan is a shrub or tree of the family moraceae living at low altitudes from northeast india to north australia, and throughout malesia. Antifungal activity of leaf extract of ficus septica against. Ficus proves itself a versatile and tough houseplant.
Combination of curcuma curcuma xanthorriza roxb and awar. Insect herbivores were sampled from the foliage of 15 species of ficus. Ficus septica is a shrub or atree, often with pendulous branches. Stem extracts proceedings of rfiserd ndinternational conference, singapore, 2 3rd march 2017, isbn. The chemical structure of the compound content ficus septica. The genus includes trailing types, bonsai, and of course the indoor ficus tree. These are easy to grow houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees. Three isoprene synthase isps cdna clones have been isolated from tropical trees ficus septica, f. The precisely located water drops on this ficus septica leaf are not the result of rain or early morning dew but have been expelled by the plant itself an activity known as guttation. An ficus septica in uska species han magnoliopsida nga ginhulagway ni nicolaas laurens nicolaus laurent burman. The aims of this study is to prove the inhibitory effect of ethanolic extract of rhizome of curcuma xanthorrhiza ecx, fruit of brucea javanica ebj, leave of ficus septica efs and doxorubicin dox alone and its combination on migration and invasion of a highly metastatic 4t1 breast cancer cell line. Ficus trees in california and how to control their invasive.
Phenanthroindolizidine alkaloids from the stems of ficus septica. One septic i saw in the daintree had white cauliforous fruit, covered in dense brown hair, a pretty strange combination. The crushed root, mixed with coconut water, is drunk daily to treat urinary tract infections310. Ficus septica leaf methanol extract inhibits denv infection in various cell types. And even though this cousin of the edible fig is a tropical plant, it survives in a wide variety of conditions. The university of minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Nov 25, 2009 two new aminocaprophenone alkaloids, ficuseptamines a 1 and b 2, and a new pyrrolidine alkaloid, ficuseptamine c 3, together with 12 known alkaloids and a known acetophenone derivative were isolated from a methanolic extract of the leaves of ficus septica.
M jasmonic acid ja gradually decreased isoprene emission by 88% compared with initial levels within 5 days, and emission. Antimalarial phenanthroindolizine alkaloids from ficus septica. The in vitro experiment was conducted on potato dextrose medium pda and potato dextrose broth pdb medium. Rivera1,2 1institute of biology, college of science, university of the philippines, diliman, quezon city 1101, philippines. Pdf chemical investigation of the dichloromethane extracts of ficus. Gene expression analysis of disabled and reinduced.
Plant hormone effects on isoprene emission from tropical. Species richness of insect herbivore communities on ficus in papua. Pdf chemical investigation of the dichloromethane extracts of ficus septica burm. Jul 18, 2016 septica completely stopped isoprene emission at 12 c, only to recover on the second day after re. Ficus plants are one of the most popular foliage plants suitable for growing as ornamental house plants. Our goal in this study was to describe the general pattern of diversification within the ficus septica pollinating wasps system and to demonstrate that it is consistent with the. Ficus also offer a variety of textures, so theres one for practically everyones personal style. Then enzyme activity was tested at different temperature 40oc, 50oc, 60oc, 70oc and ph 6. Isolation and caracterization of ficin enzyme from ficus. Research article cytotoxic effect and constituent profile of. Leaves on t47d cell lines and their alkaloids profile. Two new aminocaprophenone alkaloids, ficuseptamines a 1 and b 2, and a new pyrrolidine alkaloid, ficuseptamine c 3, together with 12 known alkaloids and a known acetophenone derivative were isolated from a methanolic extract of the leaves of ficus septica. Various partsof the plant like bark, leaves, tender shoots, fruits, seeds,and latex are medicinally important. A new benzopyrroloisoquinoline alkaloid, fistulosine 1, was isolated from the stembark of ficus fistulosa moraceae collected in singapore, along with three known phenanthroindolizidine alkaloids.
Small leaves and and wiry like stems will creep anywhere you allow them to. Aug 29, 2017 ficus septica microsatellite analysis. Botany hauili is an erect, small tree, growing 3 to 8 meters high, smooth, with more or less hairy young shoots. Review history for ficus septica plant extracts for. Similar morfologically of liver treated with ficus septica. Then enzyme activity was tested at different temperature 40 o c, 50 o c, 60 o c, 70 o c and ph 6.
M, abrogated the viability of human epithelial tumor hone1 and human stomach cancer nugc. Phenanthroindolizidine alkaloids from the stems of ficus. It is available as a pdf document to download from the. Here, we explored this regulation of isoprene emission in response to environmental temperature by a comprehensive analysis of transcriptome data, gene expressions and metabolite pools of the 2.
Dengue virus types 14 denv14 are positivestrand rna viruses with an envelope that belongs to the flaviviridae. Occurence of indolizidine alkaloids in ficus septica alkaloids of ficus species. Antimicrobial activity, cytotoxicity and phytochemical. The manuscript has some interesting findings which should be of significance following additional validation. The sap is used to overcome the swelling and headache.
Combinational effects of hexane insoluble fraction of. In conclusion, ethyl acetate fraction of ethanolic extract of ficus septica burm. Evaluation of in vitro immunomodulatory effect of fractions of ficus. Temperature controls on the basal emission rate of. Occurence of indolizidine alkaloids in ficus septica russel, jeff 19630101 00. It belongs to subgenus sycomorus, section sycocarpus and it is functionally dioecious functionally male trees bear figs that produce pollinating wasp offspring and pollen but no seeds. In order to discover novel medicine against denv, we tested 59 crude extracts, without cytotoxicity, from 23 plants in vitro. For more multimedia, look at ficus septica on wikimedia commons. Pdf dengue virus types 14 denv14 are positivestrand rna viruses with an envelope that belongs to the flaviviridae. Temperature controls on the basal emission rate of isoprene. Phenanthroindolizidine alkaloids are remarkably cytotoxic. The set of figs developing synchronously on a fig tree is called a crop. The relationship between phenology of ficus septica burm. The seeds of this species are dispersed by numerous species, including fruit bats megachiroptera when.
Leaves of ficus septica can inhibit the growth of bacillus subtilis and escherichiacoli in vitro, the test results bioautografi reported that 4 g awar awar leaf extractwhich is soluble in methanol to inhibit bacterial growth. Pdf isolation and caracterization of ficin enzyme from. Aug 20, 2016 ficus trees have been widely used in southern california landscaping and as street trees for the past several decades. Plant hormones and the circadian rhythm have been implicated in coordinated control of isoprene emission in plants. Pdf the chemopreventive effect of ficus septica burm.
Researchkarticle fieldstudiesrevealacloserelativeof c. This research aims to isolate and characterize the fcin enzyme from ficus septica stem latex. Ficus also called figs are among the most popular indoor plants, and for good reason. The fig is a very nourishing food and used in industrial products. Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. On two occasions ive come across ficus septica plants that have had sandpaper leaves. Guttation is common with many species of figs including ficus elastica and ficus chartacea all photographs in this article are by honor phillipps and include several different individual ficus septica plants. One of the efforts to cure breast cancer is a combination of the chemotherapeutic agent with medicinal plants. Evaluation of in vitro immunomodulatory effect of fractions of ficus septica burm.
In taiwan, at the northern limit of its distribution, f. Diversification and spatial structuring in the mutualism between. Ficus septica 22,40 ficus ribes 24,24 meliosma ferruginea 27,48 ficus ribes 22,78 homalanthus populneus 20,46 ficus septica 18,72 at the research location, species of pioneers such as homalanthus populneus, ficus spp. Genetic parameters averaged over 14 ficus septica microsatellite loci used in this study are shown in additional files 1 and 2.
Media in category ficus septica the following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. Ficus benjamina, commonly known as weeping fig, benjamin fig or ficus tree, and often sold in stores as just ficus, is a species of flowering plant in the family moraceae, native to asia and australia. To gain insights into the signalling networks, foliar application of plant hormones was conducted in a native emitter, ficus septica. Creeping fig ficus plants are climbing plants which are very easy to care and maintain. Ficus septica is pollinated by fig wasps from the genus ceratosolen. Molecular cloning and biochemical characterization of. To evaluate the effects of nhexane insoluble fraction hif of ficus septica leaves in combination with doxorubicin on cytotoxicity, cell cycle and apoptosis. Houseplant propagation is one of the best parts about collecting indoor plants. However, other than supportive treatments, no specific therapy is available for the infection. Ficin from ficus septica stem latex was isolated using column chromatography. Combinational effects of hexane insoluble fraction of ficus. Lagnob ficus septica contained medicinal principles and it showed various. This study was conducted to examine the activity of the combination between doxorubicin, curcuma rhizome curcuma xanthorriza roxb.887 1464 1414 787 341 912 1335 209 1076 1429 1171 429 1539 13 883 839 255 148 882 272 1311 412 53 1282 878 1165 175 1330 1383